LEAP combines a variety of strategies, including elements from Applied Behaviour Analysis (See EIBI), peer-mediated instruction (working alongside children of a similar age), incidental teaching, self-management training, prompting strategies, and systematic parent training. The primary goals of the program are to expose children with autism to typical preschool activities and to adapt the typical curriculum for these children only when necessary. Independent play skills are learnt from other typically developing children and reinforced using strategies such as age-appropriate rewards and praise for demonstrating correct actions and behaviours.
- Supporting Evidence/ Likely treatment success
- Promising results have been obtained from some research, however more investigations are required due to the small number (and therefore insignificant) number of children who have been studied.
- Link to more information
- Video presentation by expert explaining components of a LEAP preschool program: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVl08lHZdZA.
Number of participation hours required each week
|Notes: 15 hours per week of classroom participation is required. Intervention not available one-to-one.|
Cost of intervention per week
|$0-$30||$30 – $80||$80 – $100||$100 – $120||$120 +|
No information available
Home, Clinic, or both?
|Home-based||Clinic or centre-based||Both or it doesn’t matter.|
|Notes: Program is set in a classroom environment.|
|Possible pros of this intervention||Possible cons of this intervention|
|Can improve social and communication skills.||More research is required to gauge effectiveness of therapy.
Therapy is not available one-on-one.
Adverse results are possible if LEAP is applied without following the relatively strict guidance, specifically if it is confused with putting children into mainstream schools with little or no support.