Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention is a therapy approach that is based on Applied Behaviour Analysis and includes The Lovaas Method. This approach aims to break down complex skills or behaviours into smaller components (little steps). These are then taught through repetitive instructions and rewards. The use of repetitive instruction and reward is known as Discrete Trial Training.
This intervention targets the following skills and behaviours:
- Reducing self-stimulatory (“stimming”) behaviours and replacing them with more socially acceptable behaviours.
- Teaching play skills such as using toys in their correct manner
- Teaching expressive and abstract language skills
- Improving social skills and emotional expression
- Teaching pre-academic skills, such as reading, writing and maths.For therapy to be effective, it usually requires the child to participate in 35 – 40 hours per week of therapist and trained teacher intervention.
- Supporting Evidence/ Likely treatment success
- Acknowledged as being the most effective approach, due to research studies demonstrating improvement in various areas of functioning including cognitive, language, adaptive behaviour, social, and academic skills, in children with autism receiving this intervention.
- Link to more information
- Video of health professional explaining aspects of EIBI therapy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3zTqcmfKqc
Number of participation hours required each week
|Notes: Best results usually achieved when EIBI therapy is undertaken for between 35 and 40 hours per week.|
Cost of intervention per week
|$0-$30||$30 – $80||$80 – $100||$100 – $120||$120 +|
|Notes: Programs can cost $35,000 to $40,000 per year in some circumstances.|
Home, Clinic, or both?
|Home-based||Clinic or centre-based||Both or it doesn’t matter.|
|Possible pros of this intervention||Possible cons of this intervention|