DIR ® / Floortime ™ aims to help improve children’s social interaction and communication skills through play. This therapy approach involves lots of playtime between adult and child on the floor. Parents and carers are specifically trained to continue therapy activities each day in the home environment.
- Supporting Evidence/ Likely treatment success
- Positive and promising research results have been found for this intervention, however more high quality studies are needed e.g. study to include greater number of participants and use of blinding.
- Link to more information
- Video interview with DIR/ Floortime developer, Dr Stanley Greenspan explaining principles of DIR/ Floortime: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPHjLe7MVYE
- Video example of Floortime™ therapy session: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3gcpNcq29M
Number of participation hours required each week
Parents to be trained to undertake sessions 2 to 5 hours per day / 3 to 4 times per week plus sessions with a therapist where required.
Cost of intervention per week
|$0-$30||$30 – $80||$80 – $100||$100 – $120||$120 +|
Fees include therapist consultations and parent training expenses.
Home, Clinic, or both?
|Home-based||Clinic or centre-based||Both or it doesn’t matter.|
|Possible pros of this intervention||Possible cons of this intervention|
|Increased parent involvement can reduce therapy visits and cost.
Claims to promote social, emotional, and intellectual development.
|Specific training is required for therapists.
High demand and time requirement on parents.
High cost involved to undergo training in this method.